Interhemispheric Water Exchange in the Atlantic Ocean Ebook

, P. M. Rizzoli , G.J. Goni
Publication: Elsevier Science
Is my Device Supported?

You're about to purchase a Downloadable Ebook

Hi, sorry for the interruption!
We're repeating some important information here to ensure that you're making an informed purchase. Please review it.

  • Don't get caught unaware. Preview ebook and open the sample ebook on each of your intended devices before continuing.
  • You will need a Free 3rd-party application that can read the intermediate .acsm file you will receive as download. PDF/Epub format is downloaded automatically by the application thereafter. Please install the necessary software first on your intended device of use.
  • - Printing is permitted.
    - You can copy text from file.
  • Refund Policy
    Refunds are not allowed after the ebook is opened so please open the ebook directly on your intended device. Refund requests should be recieved within 7 days after download is made available. Of course, if you get an incorrect ebook ( different from what is mentioned in the title) or if the ebook doesn't open on the initial device, then we'll assist with fixing the issue or get you a refund if a timely fix isn't available.
  • Customer Service
    We currently only provide ticket (online form submission) or email support. Rest assured that you're in good hands; customers like our professional service!
I have previewed the ebook and read the requirements and terms.

Language: English
Publication Date: November 2003
File Size: 37221 Kbytes

Restrictions set by Publisher:
- Text-to-speech feature not available.
- Printing is permitted.
- You can copy text from file.
- Free application Adobe Digital Editions, Aldiko reader, or Bluefire reader required .
$253.05 $270.00
( 6.28% savings )

Great Prices, Always!
Change Region
ISBN: 9780080534893   Should I buy this Ebook?   Write a Review


Recent results from modeling and observational studies demonstrate that the tropical Atlantic is a critical region for processes that maintain the meridional overturning circulation, such as cross-equatorial exchanges, and for sea surface temperature variability that impacts on climate variability of the coupled tropical ocean/atmosphere system.

The theme of this book is the inter-hemispheric and inter-gyre exchanges of heat, salt and fresh water, while its goal is to improve the knowledge of the tropical Atlantic dynamics and how it affects the global ocean. A clear understanding of the dynamics of processes that affect the flow of mass and heat between the southern and the northern hemispheres in the upper few hundred meters in the tropical Atlantic and of those associated to the ocean circulation or to surface signals, from decadal, inter-annual to mesoscale periods, becomes necessary to better evaluate their contribution to the interhemispheric mass exchange. These processes are believed to be largely responsible in driving the sea surface temperature, which in turn, is a critical parameter to investigate ocean-atmospheric interactions. Output produced by regional models is also used to complement the observations and to provide additional information on their spatial and temporal variability. The subtropical cells, by bringing water masses subducted in the subtropics to the equator, and zonal currents investigated here contribute to the interhemispheric water exchange.

Special attention is also given to the warm and salty anticyclonic rings shed by the North Brazil Current, which are now known to have a much broader impact, not only on interhemispheric water mass transfer, but also on the environment of remote regions. Observations from different sources are blended together, are used to validate model outputs and are also assimilated into models to obtain a more complete and accurate picture of the oceanic circulation and of its time evolution.


Climate Change: Observed impacts on Planet Earth ebook cover
Save 5.32%
Fluorine and the Environment: Atmospheric Chemistry, Emissions & Lithosphere ebook cover
Save 7.82%

Should you buy this Ebook?

We've put together a collection of resources to help you make a decision regarding whether you should buy this Ebook from us.

  1. Is your device one of these? Ebook reading software will work on the following devices: Windows, Mac, Android 2.2+ Devices, IPad (iOS 3+), IPhone (iOS 3+), Kindle Fire. Several other devices are also supported by the software.
  2. Compare prices. Our price is $253.05. If you would like to research our competitors to see their prices. Here're some places to look:
  3. Why should you buy Ebooks from

    We've had 1000s of downloads so far and with over 300000+ Ebooks to choose from, is becoming a favorite Ebook Store for many. Allow us to win you over with our competitive pricing, upfront policies and diligent customer service.

    We're Upfront:

    • Every Ebook page on has information on restrictions that publishers have placed on the Ebook along with a clear indication of software required to read the Ebooks.
    • If ratings for an Ebook are available from one of several sources online, then we've attempted to get those to help you make a better purchasing decision about the Ebook. Reviews from Goodreads (a popular reviews site) are provided on the same if they're available.
    • In most cases, we've also attempted to get you links to the Ebook on our competitor's site so that you can compare prices with relative ease.
    • We use McAfee to scan for any vulnerabilities in the system to ensure that any information that you give us does not fall into the wrong hands.
    • We use Paypal, a trusted 3rd party payment provider to accept Payments -- your payment information doen't reside with us. Any information that does end up with us is safe.

After installing the appropriate app for your device, try a Sample Download (Sherlock Holmes from Project Gutenberg) before purchase. The sample is only for checking device compatibility.

Check below for device compatibility and any free 3rd-party software requirements. Choice of what ebook reading app to use is yours, we only present a few common apps that several customers of ours have preferred. You should be able to transfer your purchase to more than one (upto 6) compatible devices as long as your ebook-reading apps have been registered with the same Adobe ID before opening the file.


Windows/Mac PC or Laptop

Free app Adobe Digital Editions required. Note that this software is not the same as Adobe Reader.


Android 2.1+

Free app Aldiko Reader or Bluefire Reader required.

Kindle Fire (and any Android based Kindle models)

Free Kindle Android app Bluefire Reader required.


IPad or IPhone

Free app Bluefire Reader required. Kindly review their tutorial for the requirement (note that while they're talking about library ebooks, same applies to your purchased .acsm file) -- feel free to use the sample download for testing. Tutorial .

Other E-Reader

Several Other devices supported

Devices like Nook are supported via the free application Adobe Digital Editions . This software is not the same as Adobe Reader. Please check compatibility of your device before purchase.

Interhemispheric Water Exchange in the Atlantic Ocean